Diabetes in autism; lack of evidence for dietary therapies; autism in Korea

Here is a roundup of news and research spotted around the web for the week of 30 October.

  • Autistic adults are more likely to have diabetes than non-autistic adults are, according to a study of private insurance claims in the United States. Autism
  • Autistic children tend to focus more intensely on images of objects that represent common restricted interests than do non-autistic children, and their eye movements correlate with electroencephalographic patterns and with repetitive and restricted behavior scores. Frontiers in Neuroscience
  • Non-autistic people accurately recognize emotions conveyed in the voices of autistic women, but not autistic men. PLOS One
  • The scientific literature does not provide strong evidence for special diets or nutritional supplements as therapies for gastrointestinal, behavioral or sleep issues in autism. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities
  • Auditory-processing problems observed in children with Rett syndrome are not simply a delayed response to sound, according to a small study. Molecular Autism
  • Children with a dual diagnosis of autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder are more likely to experience a diagnostic delay than are those who have autism alone. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
  • Genetic variants in women that are linked to low birth weight in their babies do not appear to contribute to the likelihood of neurodevelopmental conditions. JAMA Psychiatry

    A research image of brain organoids
    Recapitulation unlocked: As brain organoids develop, cells differentiate into progenitor cell types similar to those described in a fetal-brain atlas.
  • Both autistic and non-autistic children tend to repeat their caregivers’ words and phrases, a finding that suggests clinicians need a more nuanced way to define echolalia. Cognitive Neuroscience
  • The 2023 Julius Axelrod Prize goes to Mark Bear, an autism and fragile X syndrome researcher, and Raymond Dingledine, who studies glutamate and glycine neurotransmission. Society for Neuroscience
  • Genes outside the 16p11.2 chromosomal region are differentially expressed in brain organoids derived from people with 16p deletions or duplications. ACS Chemical Neuroscience
  • Behavioral activation as a treatment for depression can be adapted for autistic people. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
  • The prevalence of people with intellectual disability or autism in Korea has been rising since 2007, as have medical costs associated with those conditions. Psychiatry Investigation
  • Researchers compared three assessment questionnaires for ADHD in young autistic adults and found them lacking. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
  • Autistic people often have co-occurring conditions, such as sleep problems, gastrointestinal issues, ADHD, anxiety and being overweight or obese, according to a review of nearly 20,000 studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
  • The rise of predatory journals is problematic for scientists, who may fall for their deceptive marketing, and for public confidence in science, write two scholars of journalism and media. The Conversation