Sex/gender in autism

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Brains of girls, boys may mark distinct paths to autism

Differences between the brains of men and women with autism may help explain why men are more susceptible to the condition and women appear to be protected from it.

By Meng-Chuan Lai
19 October 2015 | 7 min read
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Girls with autism may stop eating to blunt social pain

Anorexia sometimes accompanies autism in girls. Refusing food may mute the confusing array of stimuli that is particularly difficult for a girl with autism to handle.

By Nancy Zucker
19 October 2015 | 6 min read
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Male slant to research may skew autism’s reported sex ratio

Clinicians may need to go beyond the 'masks' to find autism in women.

By Francesca Happé
19 October 2015 | 6 min read

Funding for sex differences in autism on the rise

Since 2008, funding for research on how autism differs in women and men has risen steadily.

By Nicholette Zeliadt
19 October 2015 | 2 min read

Gender disparities in psychiatric conditions

Autism is not the only brain disorder that is more common in one sex than in the other.

By Jessica Wright
19 October 2015 | 2 min read
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Focus on autism must broaden to include non-binary genders

It’s past time for mainstream discussions of ‘women with autism’ to recognize that a significant portion of the autistic community identifies as gender-queer or non-binary.

By Emily Brooks
19 October 2015 | 6 min read

By chemically tagging genes, sex hormones shape brain

The environment’s influence on gene expression can vary by sex and affect autism’s expression.

By Meghan H. Puglia, Jessica J. Connelly
19 October 2015 | 7 min read

Linking autism, sex, gender and prenatal hormones

Elevated levels of fetal sex steroid hormones such as testosterone may explain many of autism’s unique features.

By Simon Baron-Cohen
19 October 2015 | 5 min read

The lost girls

Misdiagnosed, misunderstood or missed altogether, many women with autism struggle to get the help they need.

By Apoorva Mandavilli
19 October 2015 | 34 min read

Of mice and women

A new government mandate requires researchers to include females in their animal studies — or explain why they don't. What will this mean for autism research?

By Brooke Borel
19 October 2015 | 20 min read

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